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Palm oil mill Process Flow Chart
EFB(Empty Fruit Bunch)
FFB(Fresh Fruit Bunch)âLoading âSterilizing âThreshing âPress âOil Clarify âCPO
Fiber Separation âFiber
Kernel Recovery âShell
Press âKernel cake
PKO(Palm Kernel Oil)
Parameter of Palm oil mill
|Oil content in FFB||â¥ 24 %||Oil extraction rate||22~23%|
|Shell content in FFB||â¥ 6~7%||Kernel content in FFB||4%|
|Empty bunch content in FFB||23%||Fiber content in FFB||12~15%|
|Oil content in empty bunch||5%||Press cake proportion in FFB||24%|
|Solid phase in empty bunch||32%||Moisture in empty bunch||63%|
|Water content in press cake||40%||oil content in press cake||6%|
|Oil content in nut||0.08%||Solid phase in press cake||54%|
|Oil content on meter solid||3.5%||Oil content in wet meter heavy phase||1%|
|Fruit in empty bunch||0.05%||Oil content in final effluent||0.6%|
|Kernel in empty bunches||0.05%||Water in palm kernel||â¤7%|
|Kernel content in LTDS||0.15%||Kernel content in cyclone fiber||0.15%|
|Kernel content in wet shell||2.5%||Kernel content in dry shell||2%|
Main Parts of Palm oil mill
Reception Station of Palm oil mill
Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB) is transported by trucks, and get into the palm oil factory through the weigLDbridge to weigLD the raw materials to calculate the production cost. Palm bunch reception process is finished at loading ramp. This loading ramp makes palm fruit unloading,cleaning, storage platforLD, adopting all hydraulic segmented discharge.
Sterilizer Station of Palm oil mill
Fresh Fruit Bunch(FFB) is conveyed to horizontal sterilizer or vertical sterilizer, and 3 bar saturated steam is pumped into sterilizer for sterilization purpose, making the fruit soft and increasing its moisture. The sterilization process need to be 90-120 mins in order to make fruit and empty bunch separated easily, also make oil extraction easily.
Thresher Station of Palm oil mill
after the sterilization, the palm fruit is transported into thresher by elevator conveyor, palm fruit and empty bunch are separated by viberating process, after this, palm fruit is conveyed into cooking pot, and empty bunch can be usd as fuel or fertilizer.
Clarification Station of Palm oil mill
The crude palm oil (CPO) after pressing has water and impurities, so we need to clarify CPO to dirty oil and clean oil, clean oil will be transported in crude oil storage tank, while dirty oil will be recovered by centrifuge.
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